Common Name: ciprofloxacin
How does Cipro work?Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as quinolones. It is used for the treatment of infections caused by certain bacteria. It is most commonly used to treat infections of the skin, bone, lung, ear, abdomen, and bladder. It can also be used to treat some sexually transmitted infections. Your doctor may choose to use a medication for conditions other than the ones listed in these drug information articles. If you're unsure why you are taking this medication, contact your doctor.
How should I use Cipro?The recommended adult dose of ciprofloxacin ranges from 250 mg to 750 mg twice daily. The exact dose depends on the condition being treated and other factors. Ciprofloxacin can be taken with or without food. Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones given here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor. It is important that this medication be taken exactly as prescribed by the doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue on with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue on with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
What form(s) does Cipro come in?Cipro® is available as liquid, tablets, and injectable solution. Liquid: Each 100 mL of oral suspension contains ciprofloxacin 10 g (10 %). The drug product is composed of two components (microcapsules and diluent) which are mixed prior to dispensing. Nonmedicinal ingredients: poly(ethyl acrylate methyl methacrylate) dispersion 30%, magnesium stearate, methyl-hydroxypropylcellulose, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 25, strawberry flavour 52312, strawberry flavour 54267, lecithin, medium chain triglycerides, sucrose, and purified water. Tablets: 250 mg: Each tablet, engraved "CIPRO" on one side and "250" on the other, contains ciprofloxacin 250 mg. 500 mg: Each tablet, engraved "CIPRO" on one side and "500" on the other, contains ciprofloxacin 500 mg. 750 mg: Each tablet, engraved "CIPRO" on one side and "750" on the other, contains ciprofloxacin 750 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2910-15, magnesium stearate, maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, purified water, titanium dioxide. This medication does not contain lactose or tartrazine. Bottles of 50. Unit dose packages of 100. Store below 30°C. Cipro Injectable: Minibags: Each mL contains ciprofloxacin 2 mg. Ready-to-use minibags of 100 mL and 200 mL.
What should I NOT take with Cipro?Ciprofloxacin should not be taken by anyone who: is allergic to ciprofloxacin or any other ingredient of the medication is allergic to other quinolones has not yet reached puberty (i.e., children)
Are there any other precautions or warnings for Cipro?Other infections: Use of ciprofloxacin for a long time may cause infections by yeast or fungi. Medical conditions: Ciprofloxacin should be used with caution by people with known or suspected disorders affecting the brain, including severe cerebral arteriosclerosis, epilepsy, and other factors that predispose to seizures. Since ciprofloxacin is eliminated primarily by the kidney, ciprofloxacin should be used with caution and at a reduced dosage by people with reduced kidney function. Seizures: Ciprofloxacin should be used with caution by anyone who has had a seizure or has a condition that makes seizures more likely. Stomach problems (especially colitis): Ciprofloxacin may infrequently cause a condition called pseudomembranous colitis (serious antibiotic-induced diarrhea). Therefore, if diarrhea occurs after starting the medication, contact your doctor. Sun sensitivity: People who take ciprofloxacin are more likely to suffer from sunburn. While taking ciprofloxacin, be careful if you must spend time in the sun. Stop taking the medication if sun sensitivity occurs. Tendinitis: Ciprofloxacin may increase the chance of tendon injury. Injury occurs more commonly for seniors who are also taking corticosteroid medicines. If there is any new pain in the tendons, stop taking ciprofloxacin, avoid physical exercise, and consult your doctor. Pregnancy: It is not clear if ciprofloxacin is safe for use by pregnant women. Breast-feeding: Ciprofloxacin may pass into breast milk. Women who are breast-feeding may wish to avoid nursing while taking this medication.